How do you stop hanging baskets drying out?

I used the largest hanging baskets I could find to grow these ‘cherry cascade’ tomatoes.

If you’re looking to fill gaps or take advantage of higher sunny spaces in your growing space, hanging baskets can be a good solution. They can also look great. The big issue with hanging baskets is that they dry out quickly. This is a problem when growing vegetables – as most like plenty of water!

Here are a few tricks I’ve discovered that I hope will help you grow crops successfully in hanging baskets: -

Bigger is better

Choose the largest hanging basket you can find – and that can be secured safely and securely to your home. The larger it is in volume, the less quickly the soil will dry out (and the more nutrients it can hold for your hungry veg).

Line with plastic

Before filling it with compost, line the inside of the basket with plastic – put plenty of holes in the bottom of the plastic for drainage. This will help reduce evaporation from the sides of the basket.

Use a soil mix that retains water

Add something to the compost to help it to retain water. You might add 20 – 40% vermiculite or perlite (these are natural substance made from volcanic rock – they work well but are high energy to make and usually costly if you buy in small volumes). Worm compost also retains water well (and it’s free if you make it yourself and it’s sustainable!).

Cover the top layer of the soil

Put a mulch (mulch is a gardening term for a layer of something on top of the soil) over the top of the hanging basket to slow down evaporation of water from the surface. I cut out a disc of plastic from an old compost bag to cover this one – but you could use grass clippings, pebbles, or old leaves or cardboard.

Use a plastic bottle waterer

Cut off the bottom of an old 1/2 litre plastic bottle and drill a couple of small holes (about 1/8 inch diameter should do) in the lid. Put the bottle, lid facing down, into the compost. When watering, simply fill the cut off end of the bottle with your watering can – and the water will slowly drip out of the holes in the lid.

Choose your crops carefully

Even a large hanging basket will not hold a lot of soil so choose what you grow carefully. Small bush tomatoes designed for hanging baskets (eg cherry cascade) can work well if you have a sunny spot, as do chillies and nasturtiums. In less sunny spots (4 hours a day), I’ve seen cranberries doing well (and looking great!). Alternatively, you can grow crops that are happy with less water. There’s not a huge choice but herbs like rosemary, sage and thyme are more resilient to drying out occasionally than most.

Feed regularly

Most crops, particularly fruiting crops like tomatoes, will need regular feeding to get a good yield. This is because the small volume of soil in a hanging basket will not hold a lot of food – so you need to add it. Use a liquid tomato feed on fruiting crops. For other crops, try liquid seaweed or worm tea.

Cranberries make a pretty crop for hanging baskets in less sunny spaces. They like moist soil though so it’s particularly important to keep them well watered. (Ps I can’t claim the credit for growing these – I saw it at Hampton flower show last year)

Check regularly for watering

Last and most important:  check regularly for watering. Do this by putting your finger an inch or two into below the surface of the soil. It should feel damp (like a wrung out flannel) not dry or or soggy. On hot or windy days, hanging baskets can often need watering twice a day.

To improve water retention, I added 40% worm compost to the growing mix in one basket and 40% perlite to the other. The tomatoes did equally well in both baskets.

 

Although hanging baskets are not the easiest containers to grow food in, these tricks can go some way to overcoming the problem of them drying out. You don’t need to implement them all (except the last two – choosing crops carefully and regularly checking) but the more you put into practise, the easier it will be.


10 comments… add one

  • The Cherry Cascade tomatoes look beautiful. I am inspired to grow some myself!

    Reply
    • Yes, and it tastes pretty good, too. We often ate them like grapes. Definitely worth a grow.

      Reply
  • I line smaller pots and hanging baskets with a very cheap disposable nappy (unused of course!!) The plastic helps line the container and the filling retains the water. As they are not the shape of round containers they do not prevent the draining of excess water but do help prevent the drying out of the soil. I buy own make or £ shop cheapie ones so a bargain and cheaper than the water retaining crystals!

    Reply
    • The nappy idea sounds good as long as you don’t mind adding all those chemicals to your growing medium. :-)

      Reply
  • No, you can’t subscribe without commenting…it gave me an error, and said I HAD to make a comment, so here it is…LOL!

    Reply
    • Hi there – if you use the box on the top right side it should be possible to subscribe without needing to comment. Any probs with this, let me know!

      Reply
  • good to see you using worm compost :-)
    My wormery is just about getting going now so I cant wait to add the compost to small planters and hanging baskets.
    Brill idea with the water bottles btw. Makes sense to let water permeate slowly into the baskets instead of flooding through and rinsing out minerals and other essentials in the soil

    Reply
    • Yes, it takes a little while for a wormery to get going – but it’s worth the wait! With the (slightly!) warmer weather at this time of year, I’m finding my wormeries are operating at full power at the moment :)

      Reply
  • Which variety of tomatoes can grow in baskets? Any variety or only cherry tomatoes?
    I have cherry tomatoes in containers and they are starting to flower ( 29.06.20120 but I have some bigger ones in trays waiting to be transplanted. Can they be grown in basket as a trailers?

    Reply
    • As most hanging baskets are not very large, cherry tomatoes are the best choice. Beef tomatoes do better in a bigger pot. The other thing you want for a hanging basket is a ‘bush’ tomato. Bush tomatoes grow lots stalks, each one hanging over the edge of the basket and bearing fruit. (The other type of tomato is a vine tomato – these grow tall and high on one stalk and are not suitable for hanging baskets). Finally, you want a variety of tomato that is not too large – some tomato plant varieties grow into huge beasts and do best in more space than there is in a hanging basket. Varieties that are good for hanging baskets include: ‘cherry cascade’ (that’s the one in the picture), ‘tumbler’, and ‘tumbling tom’.

      Reply

Leave a Comment